14. How to Conduct TB Risk Assessment?
The TB risk assessment is conducted as a first step in the process of developing the TB infection control plan for a facility. The seven principles of the risk assessment using the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) risk analysis are:
- Planning based on the HACCP process and determine what sections of the risk assessment tool will be used.
- Assemble a multi-disciplinary risk assessment team
- Establish procedures for documentation of all activities and the results of the assessment.
- Establish procedures for validation and verification of the interventions currently being implemented and that they are periodically reassessed.
- Conduct a hazard analysis by investigating all patient pathways to identify critical control points
- Determine the appropriate IC intervention implemented for each critical control point by using the risk assessment questionnaire
- Evaluate the management of the infection control plan in the facility in order to reduce risk against infection
- Evaluate compliance with the use of personal protection
- Evaluate facility environmental controls and maintenance practices, and determine their effectiveness
- Establish what monitoring plan for the applied IC intervention has been implemented at each of the critical control points
- Identify and recommend corrective action.